DOWNLOAD: Armenian aggression and occupation of Azerbaijan handouts in PDF and Word formats.
(Occupation of Azerbaijan. Aggression by Republic of Armenia. Occupation of Shusha and massacre of Khojaly in Karabakh region of Azerbaijan, Adobe PDF format, 354 Kb)
(Socio-economic devastation caused by the occupation of territory of Azerbaijan Republic by Republic of Armenia, 1991-1994, MS Word format, 166 Kb)
"Armenian armed formations occupied
20 percent [of] Azerbaijan territory.
Besides the territory of former
Nagorny-Karabakh Autonomous Region,
lands of seven additional regions around Nagorny-Karabakh are also
"The actions taken by the government of Armenia in the context of the conflict over
Nagorno-Karabakh are inconsistent with the territorial integrity and national sovereignty
principles of the Helsinki Final Act. Armenia supports Nagorno-Karabakh separatists in
Azerbaijan both militarily and financially. Nagorno-Karabakh forces, assisted by units of
the Armenian armed forces, currently occupy the Nagorno-Karabakh region and surrounding
areas in Azerbaijan. This violation and the restoration of peace between Armenia and
Azerbaijan have been taken up by the OSCE."
William J. Clinton
Cited from Presidential Determination (PD) No. 99-8 of December 8, 1998, and PD No. 98-11 of January 26, 1998, Memorandum for the Secretary of State, Re: "Assistance Program for the New Independent States of the Former Soviet Union."
"The number of refugees and IDPs from the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict was
approximately 800,000; 200,000 of these were refugees, and more than 600,000
were IDPs. There were credible reports that Armenians, including ethnic
Armenian immigrants from the Middle East and elsewhere, had settled in parts
of Nagorno-Karabakh and possibly other Azerbaijani territories occupied by
Armenian forces. Approximately 10,000 to 30,000 Armenians, almost
exclusively persons of mixed descent or mixed marriages, remained in
Azerbaijan (in addition to Armenians residing in occupied territories).
While official government policy allowed ethnic Armenians to travel,
low-level officials seeking bribes have harassed citizens of Armenian
ethnicity who sought to obtain passports. The Armenian Government continued
to prevent the hundreds of thousands of Azerbaijanis who were forced out of
their homes in occupied territories from returning."
"According to the de facto government of Nagorno-Karabakh, the population of
the enclave stood at about 143,000 in 2001, slightly higher than the ethnic
Armenian population in the region in 1988, before the conflict. Government
officials in Armenia have reported that about 1,000 settler families from
Armenia reside in Nagorno-Karabakh and the Lachin Corridor, a strip of land
that separates Nagorno-Karabakh from Armenia. According to the government,
875 ethnic Armenian refugees returned to Nagorno-Karabakh in 2001. Most, but
not all, of the ethnic Armenian settlers in Nagorno-Karabakh are former
refugees from Azerbaijan. Settlers choosing to reside in and around
Nagorno-Karabakh reportedly receive the equivalent of $365 and a house from
the de facto authorities."
"At the end of 1991, the conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan escalated into war. Between 1992 and 1994 almost 20 percent of the Azerbaijan's territory, including six districts of Azerbaijan in addition to Nagorno-Karabagh, were under Armenian control, resulting in mass population displacement within the country. The State estimated the number of internally displaced persons at 778,500 by the end of 1993, and 604,574 as of 1 March 1998. UNHCR estimates are lower, with 551,000 persons at the end of 1997." (IOM 1999, p. 40) "More than 568,000 persons from western regions of Azerbaijan under Armenian occupation since 1993, including 42,072 from Nagorno-Karabakh, remained displaced within the country. Most were displaced from regions just outside Nagorno-Karabakh, including Fizuli (133,725 persons), Agdam (128,584 persons), Lachin (63,007 persons), Kelbadjar (59,274), Jabrayil (58,834 persons), Gubadli (31, 276), Zangilan (34,797), Terter (5,171) and Adjabedi (3,358)." (USCR 2000) "The more than 600,000 displaced Azerbaijanis constitute the largest group of IDPs in the Caucasus. The displaced include the entire Azeri population of Nagorno-Karabakh and a wide area surrounding it. They comprise a broad range of professionals, farmers, and workers and include men, women, and children of all ages. Because of the ethnic basis of displacement in Azerbaijan, the IDPs there are virtually all Azeri (Turkic) peoples. Most of them are nominally Shia Muslim, but many of those from Lachin and Kelbajar Provinces are Sunni Muslim Kurds." (Greene 1998, p. 254) "The overwhelming majority, over 99 per cent, of the internally displaced population are ethnic Azeris. The remainder are some 4,000 Kurds from the Lachin and Kelbajar districts and several hundred persons of various other ethnic groups, mostly Russian." (UN Commission for Human Rights 25 January 1999, para. 31) Sources: International Organization for Migration, 1999, Migration in the CIS 1997-1998, 1999 Edition U.S. Committee for Refugees (USCR), 31 December 2000, World Refugee Survey 2000 (Washington D.C.): Country Report Azerbaijan [Internet] Greene, Thomas, 1998, The Forsaken People, "Internal Displacement in the North Caucasus, Azerbaijan, Armenia and Georgia" (Washington D.C: The Brookings Institution) United Nations Commission on Human Rights (CHR), 25 January 1999, Report of the Representative of the Secretary-General, Mr. Francis M. Deng, Profiles in displacement: Azerbaijan (E/CN.4/1999/79/Add.1) [Internet]
Nizami Ganjavi - great Azerbaijani poet (response, in Russian, to all Iranian and Armenian claims)