Date: 05:29 PM PDT, 04/16/2002 To: William Flemming
Cc: firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com Subject: on Chloe Arnold's latest piece on jazz in Azerbaijan Dear editors of Moscow Times, The latest article by Chloe Arnold mispresents jazz music and culture in Azerbaijan as something new, if not distant and 'hard-to-understand' for the local "dinosaurs." Yet, the truth is Azerbaijan was famous for jazz in the Soviet Union, and the first state jazz orchestra was setup already in 1930s, before Ms. Arnold was born. Despite Soviet opposition to the Western music, jazz flourished, and by 1978, one of Azerbaijan's greatest jazzmen, Vagif Mustafazadeh, took first place at the 8th International Jazz Festival in Monaco. Today his legacy is carried on by his daughter, Aziza Mustafazadeh, or as she is better known among music lovers all over the world, Jazziza, who has released five CDs with Sony Music. Perhaps MT readers, along with Ms. Arnold, would benefit from the following links to learn more about jazz in Azerbaijan: History of Jazz in Azerbaijan http://www.azerijazz.com/history/history.htm The Emergence of Jazz in Azerbaijan Vagif Mustafazade: Fusing Jazz with Mugam http://www.azer.com/aiweb/categories/magazine/54_folder/54_articles/54_vmustafazade.html Aziza Mustafazadeh http://www.azer.com/aiweb/categories/magazine/44_folder/44_articles/44_aziza.html Sincerely, Adil Baguirov ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Date: 12:28 AM PST, 04/03/2002 To: firstname.lastname@example.org Cc: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com Subject: on Chloe Arnold's latest piece Dear editors of Moscow Times, I read your newspaper with great interest, and have noticed an unwelcomed pattern of misleading and generally wrong assumptions featured in the Opinion section, by a regular contributor Ms. Chloe Arnold. I appreciate the simple writing style, for-the-common-reader sort of speak, of the writer, re-telling her trips throughout Caucasus. However, accuracy and adherence to the highest standards of journalism should be paramount nevertheless. Previously, Ms. Arnold claimed that CDs by Cher and C.Aznavour are "banned" in Baku, whereas they are easily found in all the largest music stores, as well as played on the radio, TV and disco-clubs. She has made a countless number of other mistakes, some to a much greater degree. For example, in the recent article "No Russian Base Means No Work, No Nothing" (MT, Apr. 2, 2002. Page 15), Ms. Arnold fails to fully represent all the parties of the story, i.e., the Georgian side, as well as the Meskhetian side, are completely ignored. Which obviously detracts from the value of the story as a whole, and distorts the picture, since Georgians and Meskhetians could have contributed their two cents. Particularly, when Ms. Arnold declared that "millions" of Armenians were massacred in W.Turkey [actually Ottoman Empire at the time] at the start of WWI, it contradicts the obviously inflated figures given even by the Armenian side. A generally accepted estimate, used by Encyclopedia Britannica and many Soviet/Russian scholars, is 600,000 Armenians, as well as hundreds of thousands of Muslims (Turks, Kurds and Azerbaijanis), massacred during the mess in the region. Let us leave such distant history to historians though. Albeit, Ms. Arnold touches upon the fact that the indigenous population of the Akhalkalaki region of Georgia, the Meskhetians, were deported by Stalin, she completely omits to tell their sad story. The fact is that Meskhetians today live as refugees in Central Asia, Russia and Azerbaijan (where they number 50,000, adding to the already huge number of almost one million Azerbaijani refugees who escaped Armenian aggression). They can't wait for the historical justice to prevail and return to their native, ancestral lands. This is also what the Council of Europe wants, putting such condition as a requirement for Georgia's admission into the organization. Another paradox (or two) of the story is that Armenians assume, and this is being conveyed to all the MT readers as some rock-solid inevitability, that "given the traditional hostilities between the two races, Armenians are terrified this could lead to another bloodbath." This is nonsense, when one considers that 1) the local Armenian population is armed to the teeth, comprising most of the soldiers and officers at the Russian base; 2) the neighboring state is Armenia; 3) Meskhetians are mostly farmers, and refugees, i.e., people who could not defend themselves in the first place; and 4) what "traditional hostilities between the two races?!" Meskhetians are a mixed race, with predominantly Georgian, some Turkish and even some Armenian (!) blood. And how is it that tens of thousands of Armenians live in Turkey and Azerbaijan -- while no Turk or Azerbaijani can live in Armenia? Have there been problems between the Meskhetians and Armenians before deportation of the former? No. Seems like the "traditional hostilities" are one-sided and self-inspired. Such paranoid delusions should hardly be reported in such a respected newspaper without due response from the other side. Finally, despite migrating into the region for almost a century, and comprising absolute majority since the deportation of the Meskhetians in 1940s, the article admits that Armenians "haven't integrated well into Georgia. Most don't know more than a few words of Georgian, and it's rare to see a Georgian lari in the town." Why, one might ask, has the 96% majority, living for almost 100 years in one region, has not "integrated well?" Has there been little time? Or some educational, social or other barriers? Is not Akhalkalaki a legitimate region of Georgia, that foreign currency freely passes hands, and state language is ignored? Maybe the root of the problem is exactly in this military base, or perhaps in the now unveiled sentiments of separatism and territorial claims. Seems like Meskhetians have found themselves like a pawn in a bigger game once more, where they represent a "problem" to the far-reaching plans of some separatism-minded circles. A sad continuation to the never-ending tragedy befallen on this simple nation. Sincerely, Adil Baguirov http://www.moscowtimes.ru/stories/2002/04/02/008.html The Moscow Times Tuesday, Apr. 2, 2002. Page 15 No Russian Base Means No Work, No Nothing By Chloe Arnold AKHALKALAKI, Georgia -- For Tariko Petrossyan, the Russian military base on the hill is a lifeline. "When work at the base finishes for the day, everyone does his shopping," says Tariko, who sells washing powder from a rickety stall at the back of the town's bazaar. "If the base closes down, no one will have the money to buy anything anymore." Built in the 1960s, the Russian base at Akhalkalaki was one of four in Georgia used to guard the Soviet Union's southern border. But an agreement signed by the Russian and Georgian presidents two years ago states that all the military bases must close. Russian troops in Tbilisi and Abkhazia have already packed up and gone home. In Akhalkalaki, the idea of closing the base fills the local population with dread. The base is the region's biggest, and almost only, employer. People from the town work there as technicians, cleaners and cooks, or they serve the officers. There used to be other industry in the area -- a dairy, a slaughterhouse, a couple of factories -- but all those have closed. "Without the base," says Tariko, wiping a tear away with the corner of her dirty apron, "we're sunk." Akhalkalaki stands apart from other towns in Georgia because 96 percent of the population is ethnic Armenian. Many of the residents moved to the area to escape the massacre of millions of Armenians in western Turkey at the start of World War I. But they haven't integrated well into Georgia. Most don't know more than a few words of Georgian, and it's rare to see a Georgian lari in the town. Everyone uses Russian rubles or Armenian dram. The only road out of Akhalkalaki is one of the worst in Georgia. Closing the base would leave it cut off from the rest of the country in every sense. Their greatest fear, Tariko says, is that Meskhetian Turks, deported from the area by the Soviets, will come and resettle there, and Georgian authorities have said this wouldn't be a problem. Given the traditional hostilities between the two races, Armenians are terrified this could lead to another bloodbath. The Georgian government has promised to provide new work in the region. But it has more pressing concerns in Abkhazia, South Ossetia and the Pankisi Gorge and, anyway, the residents of Akhalkalaki don't believe it. The town's radical Virk party is now calling for autonomy from Georgia. Tariko, like many others, supports the idea. "We won't let the base go quietly," she says. "If necessary, we'll fight to keep it open. After all, we have to live. The Georgian government should remember that." Chloe Arnold is a freelance journalist based in Baku, Azerbaijan.