"The news of AC of Azerb. SSR. The series of history, philosophy and law ". Baku, 1989, # 3.


by Azerbaijani special committee of investigation's member Mikhailov on investigation by him of Muslim villages and Javanshir, Shusha, Jebrail and Zangezur uyezds of Ganja province, suffered from massacres and other violent actions by the Armenian side

This report ascertains among the other things that 4 uyezds of Karabakh differ from other uyezds of Azerbaijani Republic harshly in tested disasters. With the collapse of Baku in October 1918 year, the Muslim population of Baku province is recovering from horrors caused by Armenians because of tribal abhorrence. The Muslims of Karabakh are exposed the every possible violence continuously both by native Armenians of Karabakh and Armenian refugees of Irevan province and by the Armenian soldiers invaded from Turkey' s vilayets demanding from Muslims to submit to the state authorities of Armenian Republic.

Javanshir uyezd

By the readings of questioned eye-witnesses and official documents in the affairs of Javanshir Uyezd Police Administration (the documents are attached to the paperwork in notarized copies) are ascertained the following standing to the considering matter. Long before the end of war by Russia, the Armenian soldiers deserted from fronts numerously bringing to their villages a lot of rifles, machine-guns and other ammunition stolen at the war. The native Armenian intelligentsia and the representatives of Armenian Rural Societies from the one side and the inactivity of Russian Police authority from the other side have contributed to that criminal occurrence. The Muslims of uyezd being very trustful to their historical neighbors have not assumed that the bringing weapons had been preparing against them, that is why they did not take any measures to prevent the conveyance of weapons although there were some cases of weapon' s detention by the Muslims in the station of Yevlakh and in the village Barda at the main road.

From the time of coup d' etat in Russia the undisguised conveyance of weapons into Armenian villages become more rapid and from the same time the Armenians began to display their hostile attitudes and violent actions against Muslims obviously. It is necessary to note the territorial peculiarity of Muslim villages' s habitation of uyezd. The most Muslim villages are disposed but the villages of Kelanin and Avrayan rural societies are disposed: the first in foothills and the second in mountain streak of Jevanshir uyezd. 12 villages of Kelanin society 1) Damirlar, 2) Imrat-Gerravend , 3) Charectar, 4) Umudlu, 5) Karalar, 6) Shirhavend, 7) Sirhavehd, 8) Brudj, 9) Ali-Agali, 10) Hachin-Dorbatlu, 11) Chirahly, 12) Gadji are surrounded by Armenian villages from all sides as Maragaly, Talish, Upper and Lower Chaily, Lulasar, Agdara, Ulu-Karabek, Small-Karabek, Charlamy, Gasariz, Vankt, Dovshanlu, Damgali, Keladag and others. So Kelanians-Muslims could deal with lowland of the uyezd only passing through Armenian villages. As regards the villages of Avrayan rural society they dispose in very high mountains higher than Armenian villages and taking the dominated stand living by isolated life and are settled by manly Kurdish tribe. That is why the all villages of Kelanin society did not suffer at all that time.

Returning to the Armenian aggression against Muslim population, we can ascertain by the evidences of eye-witnesses that the Armerian armed bands had a success only in their own district where they felt substantial numeral superiority in force and organization and where the unarmed Muslims were surrounded by Armenian villages and could not get any aid.

Thus only the villages of Kelanin Society have been broken in the whole Javanshir uyezd.

Starting with December 1917 year the Armenian armed bands began to trespass the villages of aforesaid Muslim society demanding from Kelanians to submit to Armenian Republic, imposing and levying considerable money amounts from Muslims under the pretence of tax for their state. They also have demanded to nourish their troops during months and put into practice the drunk orgies with the rapes of women in Muslim villages. The partial stealing of Muslim' s cattle has begun.

They were cut off contacts with the Muslims of uyezd' s lowland.

The Muslim National Committee of Javanshir uyezd has tried their best to establish the former good relations with Armenians wishing to take out the desperate plight of Kelanin Society' s population. Toward this end they have sent mixed, peaceful delegations to Armenian villages and elaborated a plan of transmigration of some Armenian villages living in lowland as Sarov, Gasan-Kaya and other to the mountain district but the residents of Kelanin society from the foothills to the lowland.

While the Armenians of lowland' s villages were transmigrating to the mountains without any problems, the population of Kelanin Society continued to stifle in the clutches of Armenian tyranny and massacre who did not allow the Kelanians to transmigrate to the lowland. The transmigration of Armenians and detention of foothills Muslims were not an aim to save Armenians from the possible danger but it had for an object to strengthen the armed forces of Armenians of foothills in order to destroy all Muslims of that district.

Such a slave life of Muslim population of named society had been continuing for a long months up to December 1918 year when the Muslims drawn to despair decided to burst through the ring of Armenians bands and transmigrate to the Muslim villages of lowland. They succeeded in doing it but there were a lot of losses among the Muslims.

The Muslims-refugees have lost all their personal property, agricultural inventory, cattle, houses. Many women and children died because of starvation, cold and diseases and other privations during the flight.

Many refugees have been killed by Armenians pursued them on the way, the others as ill, old men and women and cripples who could not run were killed in the villages.

Some villages as Imarat-Gerravend , the part of Umudlu with a view to avoid the pursuit of Armenians had chosen the way of flight through the high and snow mountain " Murov-Dag " on the Dzegam road of Elizavetpol uyezd and so they felt more excruciating sufferings before they reached lowlands of Javanshir uyezd.

At the present time the residents-refugees of pointed Rural Society settled the different villages of Javanshir lowland as Begum Saro, Seysulan, Jarimdji, Ilshihlar, Boy-Ahmedly, Kahil-Karvend of Shusha uyezd and others. They can' t be occupied with the peasant work because they lost all their agricultural inventory. Despite the peaceful delegations of Muslim National Committee to Armenian villages it could not reach the reconciliation with Armenians. Quite the contrary, some times the Armenians threatened the delegations. So the chairman of Maragaln Armenian rural society Nerses Manukov threatened the chairman of National Muslim Committee Meshali-Alish Ismailov said him " It all still are nonsense. Wait a little what will be soon with Azerbaijanis ".

The Muslim population of Javanshir uyezd's lowland also suffered from violent acts of Armenians in spring and summer of 1918 year when Armenians blocked up the waters of rivulets of Terter water basin leaving the residents of lowland without drinkable water and depriving the opportunity to water the fields and gardens. The water mills have also stopped working. Meanwhile the water in Javanshir in the Summer is the main resource of life. Adding to it that the Muslims and their cattle were deprived an opportunity to migrate to their pastures-eylags for cattle' s forage, that all the ways to Susha were blocked up by Armenians for a long time and the all population of lowland were alarmed anxious we can imagine the tragic situation of Muslims.

The Muslims are in a painful situation because Armenian population does not recognize the authorities of Azerbaijani Republic and considers the part of Javanshir uyezd populated by Armenians as the territory of Armenian Republic. Even at the present time they continues violent actions against Azerbaijanis, so during the visit of members of Special Committee of Investigation the Javanshir uyezd, the Armenians drawn the cattle of Javad-Ali ogly, the resident of Damirlar village and kidnapped two Muslim boys near Maragly village. The last circumstances deprived the Members of the Committee of Investigation the opportunity to review the smashed up Muslim villages of foothills in order not to risk by possible deprivation of Committee' s freedom, businesses and documents as since it was necessary for local surveys to pass through Armenian villages.

Meanwhile at the present time Armenians personally pass through Muslim villages in the lowland of uyezd, appear at the Terter market every week and not only continue the trade relations with Azerbaijanis but also continue to resort to the criminal actions selling the stolen cattle to the Muslims stolen from them ( see the evidences of eye-witness Iskenderov ).

Besides the devastation of 12th villages of Kelanin rural society, the Armenian bands committed the following crimes against Muslims in Javanshir uyezd. So, 1) the Armenians of Maragly killed two Muslim residents of the village Magomed-Iskender ogly and Myuslim Ragim ogly thrown their corpses into the " Dash-Arkh " ditch; 2) At Funduhlu district the Armenians-Dovshanlians killed rural delivery man Fagrad-Jafar Kulu ogly and two of his Muslim companions robbed from the latter 4 bulls; 3) the Armenians of Sarov committed predatory attack to the herders and herds of Brudg village and opened the skirmish drawn the cattle to the Armenian village Chayly; 4) the gang of armed Armenians-Agdarians drawn 600 sheep and 50 herds horned cattle from the Muslims of Kapanlu village; 5) the same gang drawn 250 sheep and 61 heads of horned cattle from the other Kapanlunians; 6) the Armenians of Agdara drawn 1350 sheep and 4 horses from Jumshud, the resident of the village Karapirum; 7) the Armenians of Dovshanly killed in the village Karakor Odjag-Molla Kambar ogly, his wife Sona Shahmamed kizy and Eyvaz Molla Novruz ogly; 8) the band of Gulyatagian Armenians drawn 122 heads of horned cattle from Sirhavendians and 105 heads from Kalaychilarians; 9) the gang of Agdamirian Armenians had tried to drive a cattle of Kapanlu village' s residents and as a result of started skirmish Kurban Allahverdi ogly was killed. 10) at " Chohlu-Dakirman " district the gang of Armenian soldiers and rural residents, 500 in number attacked the caravan of Koturlians and robbed their horses, bulls, money, household things and goods of total sum of more than ? million rubles; 11) at the land of landowner Nuribekov the Armenians of Agdara robbed the cattle of Imrat-Gerravendians; 12) the armed gang of Armenians drown 115 heads of cattle from the resident of Chirahlu Iskander Ali at the place " Sendral-Yeri " at that the Persian herder Novruz was killed: 13) the gang of Armenians of Agdara attacked and killed the resident of village Papravend Asrat-Aga-Kishi ogly at the place " Ozok-Yeri " driven 12 sheep. 14) the Armenians had enticed the resident of Papravend Alband-Sadyh ogly into their village Agdara supposedly for the selling of sheep and killed him. This murder has happened in the present year in January 19. 15) the gang of Armenians of Agdara have driven 84 heads of cattle and horses from the residents of the village Kalaychilor: 16) the same Armenians begun the skirmish have driven 3 horses and 1350 sheep from the residents of Karapirum.

From the fore-going short list of some crimes of Armenians is detected that they tried to undermine the economy of Muslim peasants driving the cattle and horses mainly.

Committing the numerous murders of uyezd' s residents, not sparing neither the sex nor the age and children, old men and invalids, the Armenians in the following cases have executed the murders painfully and brutally.

So, Suleyman-Kazakhaslan ogly, Mamed Meshali Pasha ogly and Kazum Atam ogly have been killed and cut up to pieces.

The dead body of woman of the village Gadji-Gerravend Zeynay Shirin kizy was found with cut off bursts. According to Armenian Zakhari Kukurov from Bomgukain, the resident of Korakor village of Dovshanlu' s department Ramazan Novruz Ali ogly, the woman Kuncha-Odjag Kuli kizy and the invalid Suleyman Gasan ogly have been killed but their dead bodies have been cremated.

The resident of the village Sirhavend Bollu Kaza Soltal Ali Iman oglu had been arrested near the village Kayanchi and then he was killed and cremated.

The residents of Gune Gaza Sirhavend Sharif Ismail oglz and Rajab Novruy Ali oglz have been found with cut off and removed heads.

Among the Armenians and the leaders of Armenian bands as was obvious from the evidences of eye-witnesses, the Muslims have recognized many of them, but only the persons with full names and surnames will be enumareted here. Namely: an engineer-landowner of the estate Upper Karkhun, Konstantant Nicitich Abrumov, the manager of estate Avan Juzbashev Bagrat bek Melik Shakhanazarov, the Chairman of Margaly Rural Society Nerses Manukov, the resident of the village Gulyatag Ivan bek Mirzabekov, from the village Dovshanly Artemiy and Muki Sukiasovs, Yefrem, Nikolay Shakhbagovs, from the village Bozorkend Nikolay Sarukhanov, from the village Vank Tigran Asan Jalilov, from the village Domgali Tsachur Mosesov, from the village Lulyasas Vagon Bejanov, the residents of Upper and Low Chayli Shamir Agabekov, Setrak Usubov, from the village Talishi Tuni Atambekov, the resident of the village Agdara Karapet Anastasov, of the village Talishi the brothers Isaak, Minas Ter Daniyelovs, of the same village Rustam Babayev, of the village Gasanriz Sukias Gandaskhazov, from Chardakhli Bakhshi Ovanesov, from the village Upper Chayli Akonjan Mosesov, Nikolay Sogratov, Agdarians Markos bek Ter Astsachurov, from the village Margoshevan Atakishi Khachaturov. Many other persons have been named by eye witnesses in names only. The enumerated Armenians were not only the leaders of bands, but they have been committing the murders and turtores of Muslims with their own hands.

It can be detected in acts about losses produced by the victims that the Muslims of only foothills of uyezd have incured losses in some tens of millions rubles.

Jabrail uyezd

The Jabrail uyezd consist if 12 Muslim and 3 Armenian rural societies.

This uyezd like Javanshir uyezd has suffered from Armenians exceptionally in foothills of Karabakh mountains because of topographic location in the large part of lowland where the villages with Muslim population were placed exclusively and the Armenians have not been deciding to invade there dreading to be repulsed.

By the evidences of questioned eye-witnesses are ascertained that the Muslims both landowners and peasants of foothills till the December 1918 being reassured by the Armenians of neighbour villages of uyezd and their honorary representativies not only were about any defence but also not supposed that Armenians were preparing to smush their villages, although they had heard about the destructions of Tatarian villages and the violences and brutalities of Armenians committed against Muslim population in other uyezds of Karabakh.

In the first days of December 1918, the Armenians assumed the armed offensive against Muslims of uyezd, began to commit the separate murders of Muslims, drive the cattle and attack theTatarian villages by the organized bands. Nevertheless as is obvious from the evidences of eye-witnesses and from the report # 84 of the Chife of Jabrail Uyezd from February 17, 1919 for the Karabakh General-Gubernator, " the Muslim population of uyezd meeting such events with deep regret and not resorting to any active actions took only the defensive position for the defence of themselves and their property from the attack of Armenians, not commiting any irregular actions against Armenians, as proof of it served the circumstance, that no Armenian village has suffered ".

The below is given the crimes of Armenians committed against Muslims till the present time: 1) the Armenians of the villages Duducchi, Agbulah, Edillu, Goga, Chirakuz, Ahullu on the night of December 26, 1918 smashed up the Muslim part of the village Duducchi, burned homes and robbed the property; 2) the Armenians of the same village drown the sheep of the residents of the village Arysh on December 7, 1918; 3) the armed Armenians attacked the village Karakellu and drown sheep on December 5, 1928; 4) on December 10, the sheep of Mageram musa ogly from the village Dishulin were driven; 5) at the same day the armed Armenians drown the cattle of Mir Jusuf Mir Gasan ogly from the village Efendilar; 6) the armed band of Armenians burned the village Ashik Meliklu, robbed the property,residents and cattle on December 2; 7) at the same day the bands of Armenians burned the village Holaflu, Tatar, Shihlar, robbed the property of the residents, drown a part of cattle; 8) on December 18 the village Siric was smashed up and burned; 9) The Armenians of the villages Agjakend, Delenlar and Mulkadari attacked the village Siric and burned its department Nusaslu on February 27, 1919; 10) the Armenians of Ahilli, Avetis and Nerses Babayevs wounded Ibad Mamish ogly of the same village plowing up the land strip on March 29, 1919; 11) in August of 1919 during the descent of nomads of the village Karvend the Armenians drown all cattle of the residents of the village, robbed property and killed two herders; 12) the armed Armenians drown sheep of the residents of the village Karadagly, Molla Nabiya Gaji Mahmud Efendi ogly and Eyvaz Megraly ogly in January of 1919; 13) the armed band of Armenians robbed the carrier and the resident of the village Zargar, Badir Khan Mamish ogly in Spring of 1918; 14) in Autumn of 1918, the Armenians of the village Gadrut Mukhan and the village Noromanic, Sergay Nikolyantse and Sergay Lal ogly robbed and killed the residents of the village Boliant, Jafar Alekper ogly and Nasir Magerram ogly, the dead bodies of whom were founded naked in the ravine; 15) in Winter of 1918, the Armenians of the villages Jilano and Mulkadari atacked the village Eyvazlu plundered the property and drown the cattle of the village at that killed Guseyn Allahverdi ogly; 16) at the same time the Armenians of the village Dolanlar smushed up and burned up the village Shikhlar robbed the property drown the cattle; 17) the Armenians of Mulkadarli have smushed up the village Melukli, burned up the houses, robbed the property and drown the cattle.

The destruction of the villages has been accompanying by the murders and wounding of Muslims, so there have been killed 3 men, 3 women , a child and wounded a man in the village Ahillu, a man has been killed in Evatlu, wounded a man in Tartar, 6 men killed in Mazra and in Siric 11 men, 10 women, 14 children have been killed, 2 men wounded.

The Muslims identified many of Armenians who had attacked the villages but we will give you the list of Armenians with the full names and surnames: Namely: the residents of Duducchi Balasan Ayrapetov, Arutyun Logmatov, Karapet Oganjanov, Ivan Beglarov, Usub Khachiyev, Ovakim Barkhudarov, Sarkis Mirzoyev, the residents of the village Kemrakuch - Sumbat Mirzoyev, ensign Aslan Sarkisov, Avetis Petrosov, Nikolay Bakhdiyev, Aleksan Seyranov, the residents of the village Edinlu - Bakhshi Aganjanov, Gerasim Mirzoyev, Bakhshi Pakhapetov, Moses Kagramanov, the residents of the village Chirakuz of Shusha uyezd, Khurshud bek, Markar bek, Ishkhan bek and Sumbat bek Ishkhanovs, from the village Goga - Muki Safarov, Savad Ter-Grigorov, Sarkis Kekuns, David Oganjanov, the residents of Chanakhchi of Shusha uyezd Sokrat bek Melik Shakhnazarov, the first sergeant Markez, the residents of Mulkadar - Mukhan Martirosov, Nikolay Petrosov, Ovshar and Tigran Pogosovs, the residents of Dolanlar Jalal Javadov, Oganjan Mirzajanov, Aga Sarkis Martirosov, Karakhan Javadov, Logos and Arshak Avanesovs. Mukhan and Javad Oganjanovs, Ivan Arzusanov, from the village Dashbashi Bakhchi and Natur Stepanyantsis, Mukham and Simon Nisyantsis, Ovanes and Akopjan Karabekovs, from Zamzur - Mukhan Mikirgachev, Aleksandr Melkumov, Ovanes Mosesyants, from the village Agjakend Gevond and Tatevos Mikayelovts, Gayk and Tigran Akopjanovs, Mirza Ovanesov, Ishkhan Sarkisjanov, from Jilan Markar Kazarov, Ovshar Musiyev.

By the declarations and acts about losses of landowners and peasants we can reveal that the Muslims of Jabrail uyezd have incured losses in some tens of millions rubles. The drive of cattle, robbing of property, agricultural tools, the supply of bread grain and other things have undermined the economical status of uyezd's Muslim peasants and their ability to pay.

Zangezur uyezd

This uyezd is still under trying conditions because of massacres inflicted by the Armenians against Muslims.

The uyezd is placed in mountain country, so it cut off from the side of Shusha uyezd quite and from Jabrail almost. The Armenians making use of solitary location of the Muslim villages among the Armenian villages and feeling the power of their majority have taken the ruling position there.

The situation of uyezd' s Muslims comparing with the other provinces of Azerbaijan has become worse because of armed bands of Armenian peasants and organized military units of Armenian soldiers under the command of general Andronic. The latter having the considerable fighting force of soldiers and armed Armenian peasants invading the territory of Azerbaijan and obviously having the precise directions of the Government of the Armenian Republic has demanded the Muslim population either to subordinate to the authorities of Armenia or clean the territory of uyezd in order to annex it to Armenian Republic. Although the Muslims of uyezd cut off in their villages from the all world not having any protection and help and armed very poorly have not wished to subdue to the demands of Armenians. The latter have showed their monstrous brutality. Aspiring to expand the territories of their Republic, the Armenians had not been sparing the Muslims even in the cases when the latter have been leaving their native hearths. The Armenians have been burning up, destroying the villages, killing the residents, driving the cattle and robbing the property. At the present time only the residents of the village of Okhchin ravine continues the courageous defence of their native hearths.

The Muslim villages of the 1st police office of Sisian magal completely, the large part of 2nd office, the significant parts of 3rd, 4th and 5th offices have been destroyed. Some of the villages have been razed to the ground and Armenians even began to plow up that lands. About 50000 Muslims refugees have settled in the 4th office of uyezd and in Jabrail uyezd.

By the evidences of eye-witnesses and official documents 115 villages of uyezd have been demolished and destroyed: 1) Aguli, 2) Darabas, 3) Dulus, 4) Kurtlar, 5) Sheki, 6) Urut, 7) Vagudy, 8) Irmis, 9) Bakhrilu, 10) Kizildjic, 11) Darakend, 12) Karakilisa, 13) Melyukli, 14) Dortny, 15) Dovruz, 16) Karadiga, 17) Okhtar, 18) Chobanlu, 19) Kadyulu, 20) Chullu, 21) Shabadin, 22) Almaluh, 23) Chanakhchi, 24) Jibulu, 25) Agkend, 26) Turapkhanlu, 27) Gulud, 28) Bekdash, 29) Injevar, 30) Siznak, 31) Karachiman, 32) Katar, 33) Seydlar, 34) Khalaj, 35) Dashnov, 36) Baydag, 37) Norashenic, 38) Jimjilu, 39) Gyagalu, 40) Gomarat, 41) Darzili, 42) Kazanshi, 43) Shayuplu, 44) Tagamir, 45) Tey, 46) Atkis, 47) Sharikan, 48) Dolutlu, 49) Avganlu, 50) Tanzever, 51) Madj, 52) 1st Khojagan, 53) Emizlu, 54) Bugakar, 55) Mulk, 56) Banavshapyush, 57) 1st Vartanazur, 58) 2nd Vartanazur, 59) Legvaz, 60) Alidara, 61) Marzigit, 62) Tugut, 63) Pushanlu, 64) Razidara, 65) Mamed Ismail, 66) Guman-Dadanlu, 67) Tatarkend, 68) Kelu-Kishlag, 69) Zamlar, 70) Askerlar, 71) Garagel, 72) Chukhur-Yurt, 73) Najaflar, 74) Garakelu, 75) Shaiflu, 76) 1st Gyagelu, 77) 2nd Gyagelu, 78) Burunlu, 79) Burjalilar, 80) Gun-Gishlag, 81) Janbar, 82) Khinirdakishilar, 83) Tuafshalu, 84) Shirican, 85) Gazanshi, 86)Gemaran, 87) Kotanan, 88) khotakhan, 89) Okhtarlu, 90) Khudayarlu, 91) Shakarlu, 92) Kilinchlu, 93) Tarnalu, 94) Nuvadi, 95) Tugun, 96) Bogarlu, 97) Sanalu, 98) Safi-Yurd, 99) Kyurgilu, 100) Chatarist, 101) Privaslu, 102) Meshali Ismaillar, 103) Burjalar-Darzili, 104) Subuklu, 105) Mazmazak, 106) Tazarkyurdali, 107) Farajan, 108) Suarasy, 109) Bayramushagi, 110) Kokhnakend, 111) Kyushlag, 112) Zabuh, 113) Baylandur, 114) Bagarbeklu, 115) Keravis-Abdallar.

Here it is the list of main more or less important villages of the uyezd destroyed and burned up by Armenians completely or partly. After it the Armenians have destroyed also 10 villages not having the independent names and consisting of from 2 to 5 houses, living in temporary underground lodgments.

The enumerated above villages have been burned up, the property of the residents have been robbed, the cattle driven. At the present time the territories are occupied by Armenians and the Muslims have not access there.

It is impossible to give all crimes committed by Armenians against Muslims in every villages in this short report. All facts of brutalities, murders and victims in all villages are expounded in the affair of the inspection of the uyezd and in enclosed acts and documents to it. It is also will be given the prominent cases of brutality, committed by Armenians against peaceful Muslim population.

There have been killed 3257 men, 2276 women and 2196 children, wondered 1060 men, 794 women and 485 children in enumerated villages, totally 10068 Muslim people have been killed and wondered in all uyezd. But this terrible passional of Armenian atrocities does not answer the reality because during the panic flight of Muslims many victims remained uncertain. So the figures of victims were more than official statistics.

By the evidences of eye-witnesses are ascertained the following prominent cases of atrocities committed by the Armenians. So 1) in the same village Bagudy 15 beautiful girls dispensed among the Armenian soldiers not taking the sorrow of rape have died. 2) in the same village when 400 Muslims looking for the shelter during the destruction of the village had gathered in the mosque, the Armenians barricaded the exits of the mosque and burned up the mosque with all people inside. 3) in the same village the Muslim woman Kadama Tair kizi has been knifed, her cut off burst has been put into the mouth of her cut off infant in arms. 4) in the same village the Armenians killed Yolchi Shikh Guseyn ogly have cut off his genitals and put into his mouth. 5) in the same village young girls Nissa-Aman kizi, Ajab-Nukhbali kizi, Sona Jafar kizi and Shakhnuli Jalal kizi have been raped till the death. 6) near the same village Gulmasta Gasim kizi has been killed, her bursts have been cut off and the horseshoe has been hammered into her spinal column. 7) the Armenians have thrusted a bayonet into hundred age old Asad bek Melik Abbasov' s body, lying without any movement on the bed in the village Newvedi. 8) in the same village the Armenians have been chopping off the heads of escaping women and children, 9) in the village Sheki the women with cut off bursts and the cut up dead bodies of small children have been lying in the streets, 10) in the village Irmishli during the destruction the Armenians have been lifting the infants in arms on the bayonets, 11) in the village Agudi the Armenians have been demanding from Muslims to adopt Christianity, cutting off the bursts of women and putting them into the month of babies, 12) in the village Agudi the Armenians had chopped the extremities of legs of alive Gulam-Apiy Shakar ogly and then by the pricks of bayonets and lash compelled him to go on the legs until he died because of the loss of blood, 13) in the same village all beautiful girls have been raped and killed, 14) in the village Chullu the Armenians have killed 9 bed-patient by the daggers, 15) in the village Bagirbeklu the Armenians have gathered 7 men and a woman into a house and burned them alive along with house, 16) in the village Musulmanlar the dead bodies had been so disfigured that it was impossible to recognized the people - without arms, legs and heads, 17) in the village Katar the honorary old-man Meshadi Kalantar Meshadi Gulu ogli has been killed, wetted by the kerosene and burned, 18) in the same village the Armenians have tied hand and foot of Kerbalay Allakhverdi Guseyn Ali ogli and cut off his throat, 19) in the village 1st Vartanazur especially many women and children have been cut off, 20) in the village Rakhman-Efendi of Newboyazet uyezd of Irevan province the Armenian have put out Ibragim Gadji Guseyn ogly' s eyes and then burned him.

This is the short and not complete list of the sufferings of the Muslim population in uyezd. The cases of brutal murders, tortures and the rapes of women are so many that it is impossible to list all of them in the report. The eye-witnesses certify that the crimes happened in all smashed up villages.

The overwhelming number of villages have been destructed during the raids of General Andronic who demanded from Muslims to submit to the authorities of Armenia. The events were happening in Summer and Autumn of 1918.

Among the attacking Armenians the Muslims have recognized many of them. But below we will give you the list of Armenians the most frequently named by eye-witnesses.

Namely: the residents of the town Gorus Nikolay Osinov, Simon Mirumov, from the village Daraba - Shamir Shakhnazarov, from the village Migri - David Arshak, Matvesov Vachiantsis, the resident of the village Kovar Amazasp, from the village Gyalyur Agabek Medic Oganjanov, from the village Astazur the ensign Agabek Mudusi Latvakanov, Nikolay Barsamov, runaway convict Armenian under the nickname " Yapon ", Ostazurian priest Ter-David, the residents of Darabas David and Kaspar Keshihevs, from the village Akhlatian Ovakim Govorkov and Yagub Arustamov, the residents of the village Kaladji Ivan Martirosov, Manuchar Pogosov, Agalo Aganjanov, from Dulus Nepogos Kapriyelov, Sarkisdjan Tevosov, from Darabas - Stepan Pogosov, Aleksandr Kukiyev, from Sirkatas Misrop Kuniyev, Yefrem Rustamov, from the village Kuris Lalazar and Garib Garibevs, from Savakar - Khuba Davidov, David Mnatsanakov, Manuchar Tyuniyev, from Archazur Kostnant Asriyev, from Khotanan the officer Ovanes Ter-Petrosov, Khanachur Davidov, the priest of the village Akhtakhan Ter-Grigor Ter-Minasov, the engineer Sumbat Melik Stepanov from the town Gerus, the former polices of the police office Isaak Buhintsev and Seratakov, from the village Muganjic Dadash and Khachaur Osinovs, from Gulgum Tevi Mnatsakanov, the former first sergeant of Ugurchal rural society Nikolay Petrosov, from Bykh Samson Melik-Paradanov, from Akarak Ivan Kazarov, Ayrapet Stepanov, Yefrem Agakhanov, Arnik Simonov, from the village Archazur Sumbat Medic Stepanov, and from the village Kovar - Agalo Pogosov.

The destruction of more than hundred villages of Zangezur uyezd, the driving of some ten thousands heads of cattle and some hundred thousand of sheep, the annihilation of gardens and fields have undermined the economical ituation of the Muslims of the uyezd, making 50000 people to be beggars. Many people have escaped to the villages of Azerbaijan. There have been about 1 billion rubles of losses.

Compiled © 2001, part of VIRTUAL AZERBAIJAN REPUBLIC (VAR) website.
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