Welcome to Virtual Azerbaijan Republic (VAR), Zerbaijan.com, one of the oldest and respected web-sources on Azerbaijan, since 1995.
Capital Baku (population approximately 2 million) Main Cities Ganja, Sumgait, Naxcivan, Khankendi, Yevlakh, Mingachevir, Ali-Bayramli, Sheki, Shusha, Quba, Lenkaran, Qabala. Area 86,600 sq. km (approx. the size of the State of Maine) Climate Azerbaijan has 9 of the world's 13 climatic zones, from Alpine meadows to subtropics. The climate in Baku is dry and subtropical, of a Mediterranean type. The average annual rainfall is between 110 and 250 mm, and falls mainly in the early spring and late autumn. The temperature in winter is 3-5 degrees C and in Summer reaches 30 degrees C or more and occasionally as high as 40-45 degrees C.
Economy National currency Manat(AZM) (1 USD ~= 4,930 AZM) Real GDP (2003) USD 6.0 billion (USD 30 billion PPP adjusted)
People Population 8.3 million (2004 est)
Facts for the Traveler Visas: Visas are required. Time: GMT/UTC + 4 hours
Electricity: 220 volts, 50 Hz. Weights & measures: Metric
Political System Statehood type Republic National day May 28, 1918 (Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan) Independence act October 18, 1991 (Republic of Azerbaijan from USSR) Fundamental law Constitution of the Republic of Azerbaijan Executive branch President, Prime Minister, Cabinet of Ministers Legislative branch Unicameral National Aseembly (Milli Majlis) Judicial branch Supreme and Constitutional Court
The first independent republic of Azerbaijan was proclaimed on May 28, 1918, and two years later fell to Russian Bolsheviks. Subsequently Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic was established on April 28, 1920, which joined the USSR upon its inception in December 1922. Republic of Azerbaijan seceeded from the USSR on August 30, 1991, and the parliament of Azerbaijan adopted the official Declaration of Independence on October 18, 1991.
Azerbaijan is a constitutional republic with broad presidential powers. President is elected by popular vote for a 5-year term, and any one person can be elected only twice. President appoints the Prime Minister to head the Cabinet of Ministers. Both PM and the Cabinet are approved by the parliament. Milli Majlis, the parliament of Azerbaijan, is a 125-seat unicameral legislative body, whose members are elected by popular vote for a 5-year term.
HABARLAR-L (HL) Caspian Daily News Service